How to Hatch a Pigeon Egg?

There’s a fascinating world beyond the common view of pigeons as mere city dwellers. From their striking homing abilities to intricate mating rituals, pigeons hold a charm that often goes unnoticed. A crucial part of this fascination revolves around their reproductive process, more specifically, the hatching of pigeon eggs.

Hatching pigeon eggs isn’t simply about watching life unfold from a shell. It’s an intricate process that requires understanding and sensitivity. One must grasp the basics of pigeon breeding, egg incubation, and even the art of creating the right environment for a successful hatch.

With increasing interest in pigeon breeding and aviculture, the significance of knowing how to hatch a pigeon egg has grown considerably. Whether for personal enjoyment, preservation efforts, or competitive breeding, the process of hatching pigeon eggs offers a rewarding journey through the circle of avian life.

Pigeon Breeding Basics

Pigeon breeding, a nuanced process, is shaped by several critical factors. Knowing these basics forms the cornerstone of successful egg hatching. Pigeons, belonging to the Columbidae family, are monogamous creatures, meaning they typically mate for life. After the mating process, the female pigeon will lay one or two eggs, and both parents share the responsibility of incubation. This cooperative parenting is a unique feature of pigeon breeding, with the male incubating during the day and the female taking over during the night.

Natural Pigeon Breeding Cycle

The pigeon breeding cycle, predominantly guided by nature, commences in early spring and extends till late autumn, with the lengthening daylight serving as a trigger. During this period, pigeons can breed multiple times, producing several batches of eggs. Each breeding phase starts with courting and mating, followed by egg-laying, incubation, and eventually, hatching.

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Factors Influencing Pigeon Egg Fertility

The fertility of pigeon eggs is a crucial determinant of successful hatching. Several factors can influence this fertility rate, including the pigeons’ age, health, and diet. For instance, pigeons that are too young or too old may produce less fertile eggs. Similarly, pigeons in poor health or those suffering from stress may have a lower fertility rate.

Nutrition plays a significant role too. A balanced diet rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals contributes to higher egg fertility. Foods like grains, legumes, seeds, and greens help ensure the parents are well-nourished, which in turn, improves the egg’s health.

nest and eggs.

Pigeon Egg Hatching Process

The magic of life unfurling from an egg is a spectacle to behold. For this transformation from an egg to a pigeon chick to occur, understanding the hatching process is paramount. The journey from egg-laying to the emergence of a chick involves several stages.

Stages of Pigeon Egg Incubation

The incubation process is essentially the heart of egg hatching. Once the egg is laid, it needs to be kept at a specific temperature range to facilitate the growth of the embryo inside. The process begins with cell division, where the fertilized egg starts to split into multiple cells that eventually form the different parts of the chick.

Following this, the embryo begins to grow and develop. You would notice blood vessels forming, and the chick’s tiny heart starts beating a few days into incubation. As the embryo develops, it begins to take on a recognizable form.

The last stage is the hatching itself. The chick inside the egg will start to “pip,” or break the shell, using a special hard projection on its beak called an “egg tooth.” This process can take anywhere from a few hours to a couple of days.

Pigeon Egg Incubation Duration

The incubation period for pigeon eggs typically lasts 17-19 days. However, this duration is not set in stone and can vary depending on several factors. The primary influencers are the conditions under which the egg is incubated, including temperature and humidity. Even slight deviations in these parameters can affect the hatching timeline.

Essential Equipment for Pigeon Egg Hatching

Hatching pigeon eggs artificially requires certain tools, with the incubator playing a starring role.

Necessity of an Incubator

An incubator is a specially designed device that mimics the conditions under a brooding pigeon. It ensures the eggs are maintained at the right temperature and humidity, key factors in successful egg development. An incubator also takes over the duty of turning the eggs, a task that mother pigeons perform to ensure the heat is evenly distributed.

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How to Choose the Right Incubator

Choosing the right incubator is a critical step in the hatching journey. An ideal incubator should possess features like reliable temperature and humidity control, adequate capacity for your needs, and an automatic egg turning feature.

While choosing an incubator, also consider the transparency of the device. Clear top incubators or those with viewing windows allow you to observe the eggs without disturbing the incubation process. It is also worthwhile to consider the ease of cleaning, as incubators need to be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected between each hatching batch.

How to Set Up an Incubator for Pigeon Eggs

Once you’ve chosen the perfect incubator, setting it up correctly is the next critical step.

Correct Temperature Settings

The ideal temperature for incubating pigeon eggs is approximately 99.5 degrees Fahrenheit or 37.5 degrees Celsius when using a forced-air incubator (one with a fan).

Importance of Humidity Control

Humidity, too, plays a pivotal role in egg incubation. It ensures the egg doesn’t lose too much water through its porous shell. A relative humidity of around 55% is recommended for the first 17 days, and 60-65% for the last few days before hatching.

Ventilation and Egg Turning

Proper ventilation is crucial as the growing embryo needs fresh oxygen. Most modern incubators come equipped with ventilation holes for this purpose.

Another aspect of incubation is turning the eggs. In nature, parent pigeons do this multiple times a day to ensure even heat distribution. When using an incubator, an automatic turning feature can handle this task.

Steps to Hatch a Pigeon Egg

Having gained insights into the incubation process and equipment, we can now delve into the steps involved in hatching a pigeon egg.

Initial Preparation

Before placing the egg in the incubator, clean and disinfect your hands. Dirty hands can contaminate the eggshell, jeopardizing the embryo’s health.

Placing the Egg in the Incubator

Place the egg gently in the incubator. Make sure the incubator is already at the correct temperature and humidity before introducing the egg.

Monitoring the Incubation Process

Monitor the eggs regularly. Keep an eye on the temperature and humidity levels and make adjustments as needed.

Handling Possible Complications

Despite the best care, complications can occur. These may include power outages, temperature fluctuations, or the chick struggling to hatch. Being prepared to handle such complications can make a significant difference.

Post-Hatching Care for Pigeon Chicks

Hatching is only the first step of the journey. The post-hatching period is crucial for the survival and health of the newly hatched pigeon chick.

First Few Hours After Hatching

In the first few hours, let the chick rest and acclimatize to its environment. The chick might appear weak, but it still has reserves from the yolk sac.

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Feeding and Hydration for Pigeon Chicks

Once the chicks start showing signs of hunger, like peeping and opening their beaks, you can begin feeding. Initially, a diet similar to “crop milk” produced by parent pigeons is ideal.

Keeping Pigeon Chicks Healthy

Maintaining cleanliness and providing a balanced diet are crucial. Also, monitor the chick’s health and consult a vet if you notice any signs of illness.

Frequently Asked Questions

What should I do if the egg doesn’t hatch after 19 days?

If an egg doesn’t hatch after 19 days, it’s likely that it’s infertile or the embryo didn’t develop correctly. However, before discarding the egg, you might want to wait for a few more days or use

candling to check if there are any signs of life inside. Candling involves shining a light source through the eggshell to observe the contents. If there are no signs of movement, blood vessels, or a developing embryo, it is safe to assume that the egg is not viable and can be removed from the incubator.

How do I ensure the right humidity level in the incubator?

Maintaining the proper humidity level is crucial for successful egg hatching. To ensure the right humidity, you can use a hygrometer, a device that measures humidity. Adjust the humidity by adding or removing water from the incubator’s water trays or using a humidifier or dehumidifier if necessary. Regularly monitor the humidity levels and make adjustments as needed to provide an optimal environment for the eggs.

How often do pigeons lay eggs?

Pigeons can lay eggs multiple times a year, usually between six to eight times. The breeding cycle of pigeons is influenced by daylight length, and they tend to breed more frequently during the spring and summer months.


Successfully hatching pigeon eggs requires knowledge, patience, and attention to detail. By understanding the basics of pigeon breeding, the stages of egg incubation, and the necessary equipment, you can embark on a rewarding journey of hatching pigeon eggs.

Remember to create the right environment in the incubator, monitor the eggs closely, and be prepared to address any complications that may arise. With proper care and dedication, you can witness the miracle of life as pigeon chicks hatch and grow into healthy birds.

So, if you’re considering hatching pigeon eggs, follow the steps outlined in this guide, provide the necessary care, and embrace the awe-inspiring experience of watching new life emerge from delicate shells. Happy hatching!

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