What Do Sparrows Eat?

Sparrows are a common bird that can be found all over North America. They are small birds, and they typically eat insects and seeds.

In this blog post, we will take a closer look at the diet of the sparrow, including what types of insects and seeds they like to eat. We will also discuss some of the benefits of eating a sparrow diet.

Interesting Facts About Sparrows

House sparrows are a familiar bird to many people. They’re typically brown or gray, with some white cheeks and wings that have black tips on them.

The males of this species often sport large bibs across their chests, where they’ve got a coloration similar to what’s found in female House Sparrows.

Sparrows are interesting creatures, and there is a lot to learn about them. Here are some facts that you may find interesting:

  • There are more than 50 different species of sparrows.
  • The house sparrow is the most common type of sparrow. It can be found in almost every country in the world.
  • Sparrows are social birds and often live in flocks.
  • Sparrows are mostly brown, gray, or white. Some species have a black stripe on their heads.
  • Sparrows build nests out of twigs, grass, and other materials. They usually line the nest with feathers to keep their eggs warm.
  • Sparrows typically lay three to five eggs at a time. The eggs are white with brown spots.
  • Both parents help to care for the young sparrows. They will feed them insects until they are old enough to fend for themselves.
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A Savannah Sparrow

What Do Sparrows Eat?


Sparrows mainly feed on grains, including soybeans, rice, white millet, red millet, wheat, oats, barley, cracked corn, sorghum, white proso milo, and more. They prefer eating medium-sized cracked corn.


Seeds are a good source of energy for sparrows. They usually eat sunflower seeds, safflower seeds, and millet seeds. You can offer them these seeds in a bird feeder.


Insects are an important part of a sparrows diet because they are a good source of protein. Sparrows usually eat beetles, ants, grasshoppers, crickets, and caterpillars.

You can catch some insects in your yard and offer them to sparrows. But make sure to remove any pesticide before giving the insects to sparrows. You do not want to harm these lovely creatures.


Nuts, such as peanuts in the shell, are a good source of essential fats and proteins for sparrows. They usually eat them as a snack or during the winter when other foods are scarce.


Fruits become a significant part of a sparrow’s diet in autumn and winter.

Sparrows usually eat wild berries, including serviceberries, elderberries, dogwood berries, poison ivy berries, hawthorn berries, and sumac fruits.


Vegetables are a good source of vitamins and minerals for sparrows. The vegetables they usually consume are sweet potatoes, carrots, squash, potatoes, green beans, peas, corn on the cob, and pumpkins.

You can offer them some chopped vegetables as a treat. But make sure to remove any pesticides before chopping the vegetables. 


As a general rule, sparrows eat a wide variety of plants. They consume the leaves, stems, buds, and flowers of many trees and shrubs.

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Many sparrow species eat a lot of grass. Some of the common plants they eat are dandelions, plantains, sedges, and thistles.

Human Food

You may wonder if sparrows can eat human food. The best human foods for sparrows include boiled rice, pasta, oatmeal, and cooked beans.

You can also offer them a small amount of cheese as a treat. It would be best to avoid feeding them processed foods because they may contain some chemicals that are harmful to sparrows.


Sparrows love eating scraps, including meat, fat, and bones. If you cook a lot of food at home, do not throw away the leftovers.

You can offer them to sparrows in your yard. They will be grateful to you.

What did baby sparrows eat?

Baby sparrows, also known as nestlings, are born without any feathers. They need to be fed by their parents every 15 minutes.

The diet of a baby sparrow includes insects, like caterpillars, bees, and ants.

When and how often do sparrows eat?

Sparrows generally eat a few times a day. They often eat in the morning and evening. The time they spend searching and eating food is about a third of their day.

Sparrows eat more in the spring to build up their energy reserves for breeding. In the winter, they spend more time roosting and less time feeding.

How much do sparrows eat?

The amount a sparrow eats in a day depends on the type of food available and its nutritional value. A sparrow needs about twice its own weight in food each day.

This means a 40g sparrow needs around 80g of food a day. During the breeding season, when they are busy feeding their young, they may need up to five times their own weight in food!

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What Predators Hunt Sparrows?

As a general rule, the larger the bird, the more significant its predators. Sparrows have a few predators that hunt them for food. Here is a list of some animals that hunt sparrows:

  1. Cats: both domestic and wild cats are known to kill sparrows. A cat usually stalks its prey and then attacks it with a quick pounce. Sometimes, a cat will play with a sparrow before killing it.
  2. Dogs: some dogs will kill and eat a sparrow if given the opportunity. However, this behavior is more common in wild dogs than in domestic dogs.
  3. Hawks: a hawk will swoop down on a sparrow and catch it in its talons before killing it. Hawks usually hunt alone, but sometimes they will hunt in pairs or groups.
  4. Owls: owls are nocturnal predators that hunt at night. They have excellent eyesight and can spot a sparrow from a distance. Owls usually kill their prey with their sharp talons.
  5. Snakes: some snakes, such as the king


Sparrows are a type of bird that is found in many parts of the world. They are small birds with brown and white plumage.

Sparrows generally eat a few times a day and their diet includes insects, vegetables, plants, human food, and scraps. Baby sparrows are born without feathers and need to be fed by their parents every 15 minutes.

Sparrows have a few predators, including cats, dogs, hawks, owls, and snakes. Thank you for reading! I hope this article was informative and helped you learn more about sparrows.

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