What Do Pigeon Eggs Look Like?

Fascinated by the natural world around us, I found myself wondering about the intricate details of various species. One of the most common, yet overlooked species are pigeons. However, pigeon eggs, unlike their adult counterparts, remain hidden, a marvel of nature yet to be thoroughly explored by most of us.

Pigeon eggs, like those of other birds, have their unique traits. They are small in size, typically measuring around 3 cm in length. Their color is usually a uniform white, and they have a smooth surface. Despite their small size, they play a vital role in the propagation of pigeon species around the world.

Being aware of what pigeon eggs look like can enrich our understanding of these fascinating creatures. It allows us to distinguish their eggs from those of other bird species and aids in their protection, considering the pigeons’ role in the ecosystem.

Pigeon Egg Appearance

Color and Texture

A pigeon’s egg is an artistry of nature. It typically boasts a pure white color. The egg’s surface is smooth to the touch, making it easily distinguishable from some other bird species that have speckled or textured eggs.

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Size Comparison

Pigeon eggs are quite small, with their size being approximately similar to a large olive or a small lime. When compared to a standard chicken egg, a pigeon egg is significantly smaller, around one-third of the size. This small size might seem surprising considering the size of adult pigeons, but it is quite common in the bird kingdom.

Shape Description

When it comes to shape, pigeon eggs are oval, with one end slightly pointed compared to the other. This is a common feature in bird eggs as it prevents them from rolling away and ensures efficient incubation.

Egg Laying Process in Pigeons

Preparation Stage

Prior to laying eggs, female pigeons prepare a nest. Both male and female pigeons contribute to the nest-building process, using twigs and other materials. The nest needs to be sturdy and secure to protect the forthcoming eggs.

Laying of Eggs

Pigeons generally lay two eggs per clutch. After the first egg is laid, the second follows within a day or two. The reason behind this gap is to allow the parent pigeon to adequately incubate both eggs.

Number of Eggs per Clutch

As mentioned earlier, pigeons typically lay two eggs per clutch. This might seem minimal when compared to other birds, but it allows pigeons to devote more care and attention to their offspring.

Pigeon's eggs in nest

Pigeon Eggs vs Other Bird Eggs

Comparing Size and Color

The white color and small size of pigeon eggs can be used to distinguish them from other bird eggs. For example, crow eggs are bluish-green with brown markings, and larger than pigeon eggs. Similarly, sparrow eggs are much smaller and have a speckled brown appearance.

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Distinct Features of Pigeon Eggs

One unique feature of pigeon eggs is the consistency in the number of eggs per clutch. While many bird species may lay a varying number of eggs, pigeons almost always lay two. This constancy is a notable trait of pigeon species.

Pigeon Egg Incubation

Length of the Incubation Period

Pigeon eggs take around 18 days to incubate. Both parents share the incubation duty, ensuring the eggs are kept at an optimum temperature throughout this period.

Role of Parent Pigeons in Incubation

Both male and female pigeons play an equal role in incubating their eggs. The male pigeon usually incubates during the day, while the female takes over during the night.

Temperature and Humidity Requirements

For successful incubation, the eggs should be kept at a temperature of around 98.6°F (37°C). Humidity is equally important, and it needs to be maintained between 55% to 60% to ensure the eggs do not dry out.

Hatching Process

Signs of a Hatching Egg

The hatching process begins with the chick inside the egg using its ‘egg tooth’ (a small, hard protrusion on its beak) to crack the shell. This is called ‘pipping’. Observing this process can be quite exciting!

Time Duration from Cracking to Chick Emergence

From the initial ‘pipping’ to complete emergence, it usually takes the chick around 24 to 48 hours. During this period, the chick gradually chips away at the shell until it can push its way out.

Common Queries About Pigeon Eggs

How often do pigeons lay eggs?

Pigeons can lay eggs multiple times a year, approximately every six weeks, provided they have a mate and a comfortable environment.

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What do baby pigeons eat?

Baby pigeons, known as squabs, do not eat seeds or typical bird feed. They rely on ‘crop milk’, a special nutrient-rich substance produced by both parent pigeons.

Can humans touch pigeon eggs?

While it’s not advisable due to the risk of damaging the egg or transmitting diseases, touching a pigeon egg occasionally does not cause the parents to abandon it.


As we have seen, pigeon eggs, while small and simple in appearance, are an essential part of the life cycle of pigeons. Their unique characteristics, such as their color, size, and the consistency in the number of eggs per clutch, make them distinct from other bird eggs.

Understanding these aspects not only enriches our knowledge about nature but also aids in our coexistence with these creatures. Recognizing pigeon eggs can help us protect their nests and ensure their survival, contributing to maintaining the balance of the ecosystem.

In essence, every egg, be it a pigeon’s or any other bird’s, is a marvel of nature – a life waiting to unfold. And understanding these tiny wonders offers us a greater appreciation of the intricate, beautiful details of the world we live in.

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