What Do Peregrine Falcons Eat?

Peregrine falcons are one of the world’s most widespread birds of prey and can be found on every continent except Antarctica. The peregrine’s diet consists mostly of medium-sized birds, which it hunts in midair. Peregrines will also take small mammals and reptiles if the opportunity arises.

Peregrine falcons are one of the most widespread birds of prey in the world. They can be found on every continent except Antarctica and are known for their impressive hunting abilities.

So, what do peregrine falcons eat? Peregrine falcons primarily hunt other birds in mid-flight.

Their large talons and powerful wings allow them to take down prey much larger than themselves. In fact, peregrine falcons have been known to take down geese and ducks in mid-flight!

In addition to birds, peregrine falcons will also eat small mammals such as rodents and bats. These animals make up a small portion of their diet, however, as they are not as easy to catch as flying birds.

No matter what they’re eating, peregrine falcons always consume their prey whole. This allows them to get all the nutrients they need from their food sources.

Peregrine Falcon,with killed Common Pheasant

What is a Peregrine Falcon’s Favorite Food?

Peregrine falcons are one of the most widespread birds of prey in the world, and their diet reflects this. In general, peregrine falcons prefer to eat medium-sized birds, such as pigeons and doves.

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However, they will also consume small mammals, reptiles, and insects if necessary. This dietary flexibility allows peregrine falcons to thrive in a wide range of habitats.

Do Peregrine Falcons Eat Squirrels?

Peregrine falcons are predators, and they will eat anything they can catch. This includes small mammals like squirrels.

Peregrine falcons are particularly skilled at catching birds in mid-flight, but they will also hunt from a perch or while swooping down from the sky.

When preying on smaller animals like squirrels, peregrine falcons will typically attack from above, using their sharp talons to kill their prey instantly.

Does Anything Eat a Peregrine Falcon?

Peregrine falcons are the fastest flying birds in the world, capable of reaching speeds of up to 200 miles per hour (321.87 km/h). They are also one of the most widespread birds of prey, found on every continent except Antarctica.

Peregrine falcons primarily eat other birds, which they capture in midair after diving from a great height.

However, they will also eat small mammals and reptiles if given the opportunity. Interestingly, peregrine falcons have been known to kill and eat other raptors, including other peregrine falcons.

Given their impressive speed and hunting prowess, it is not surprising that there are few animals that regularly prey on peregrine falcons.

What Food Does a Falcon Eat?

A falcon’s diet consists mostly of small birds, such as sparrows and pigeons. Occasionally, they will also eat rodents, such as mice and rats.

They typically hunt during the day, using their keen eyesight to spot prey from a distance. When they see their target, they will swoop down and grab it with their powerful talons.

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Falcons usually eat their prey whole, although sometimes they will tear it into smaller pieces first. As you can see, falcons have a pretty diverse diet!

This is because they are opportunistic hunters, meaning that they will take whatever food is available to them.

In some cases, this might be carrion (dead animals). However, most of the time they prefer to kill their own prey.

Feeding a Peregrine Falcon

Are Peregrine Falcons Endangered?

Peregrine Falcons are one of the most widespread birds of prey in the world. They can be found on every continent except Antarctica and prefer habitats with an open view, such as cliffs, tundra, and grasslands. Peregrine falcons are sexually dimorphic, meaning that males and females look different.

Males are typically smaller than females and have blue-gray upper parts with black bars on their wings.

Females have brown upper parts with lighter streaks on their wings. Both sexes have a black head with white around the eyes and a yellow bill.

Juvenile Peregrine Falcons are similar to adults but have more mottled plumage. Peregrine Falcons mate for life and typically lay 3-4 eggs per clutch. The female incubates the eggs while the male brings her food.

Once the chicks hatch, both parents help care for them until they fledge at around 6 weeks old. Peregrines hunt during the day and primarily eat other birds, although they will also consume bats, small mammals, reptiles, and insects.

Despite their wide range, Peregrine Falcons are endangered due to a variety of factors including habitat loss, pesticides (such as DDT), hunting, and trapping.

In North America, there was a dramatic decline in Peregrine populations in the mid-20th century due to DDT exposure, which caused thinning of eggshells leading to reduced reproductive success.

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Although DDT has been banned since 1972, Peregrines have not yet recovered to pre-DDT levels in many areas. Hunting and trapping also continue to be a threat to Peregrines in some parts of the world.

The good news is that Peregrine numbers are slowly increasing in many areas thanks to conservation efforts. For example, captive breeding programs have released over 6500 Peregrines back into the wild since 1974, helping boost populations in North America.

With continued conservation efforts, we can help ensure that these amazing birds continue to thrive for generations to come!


Peregrine falcons are one of the most widespread birds of prey in the world, and they have a very diverse diet to match.

Smaller prey items like rodents, bats, and lizards make up the bulk of their diet in most areas, but peregrines will also take advantage of whatever is available to them.

This can include birds as large as geese and cranes, as well as fish, reptiles, and even insects. In urban areas, peregrines often hunt pigeons and doves, which make up a significant portion of their diet.


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