How Does a Baby Pigeon Look Like?

In the bustling cities we live in, one creature remains a constant presence, subtly weaving its life around ours. The pigeon, often overlooked or even dismissed as just another bird, carries a fascinating lifecycle that is seldom explored. Among the many mysteries related to these urban dwellers, one question often arises: What does a baby pigeon look like?

Baby pigeons, also known as squabs, are born with very little resemblance to their adult counterparts. These fragile beings start their journey as tiny, pink, featherless creatures. As they grow, they gain weight rapidly, eventually sprouting feathers and transforming into the familiar grey creatures we often see.

As creatures that primarily dwell in urban spaces, pigeons play a significant role in our shared environment. Understanding their lifecycle, especially the transformation of their young, can deepen our appreciation for these birds. By learning about their developmental stages, we can truly appreciate the wonders of nature unfolding right under our noses.

Life Cycle of Pigeons

Stages: Egg, Hatchling, Nestling, Fledgling, Adult

Pigeons, like many birds, have distinct developmental stages that each individual goes through. The cycle begins with the egg, followed by the hatchling stage when the baby pigeon breaks free from its shell.

The nestling phase follows, wherein the young bird grows and develops while remaining in the safety of the nest. As the pigeon becomes a fledgling, it learns to fly and slowly ventures out into the world. Finally, it reaches its adult phase, fully independent and capable of starting the cycle anew.

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Duration of Each Stage

Each stage in the pigeon’s life cycle has a specific duration. The eggs are typically incubated for about 18 days before the hatchlings emerge. These baby pigeons then remain as nestlings for nearly 30 days, rapidly gaining weight and growing feathers.

By the time they reach their fledgling stage, usually around five to six weeks after hatching, they are almost indistinguishable from adult pigeons.

Appearance of Pigeon Eggs

Size and Color

Pigeon eggs are small, about the size of a medium chicken egg. They typically have a smooth surface with a slightly glossy sheen. The eggs are a plain white color, allowing them to blend in with their surroundings and avoid predators.

Location of Pigeon Nests

Pigeons are known for their ability to adapt to various environments. They often build their nests in protected, high places such as building ledges, balconies, or under bridges. These locations provide them with safety from ground predators, making them ideal for laying eggs and nurturing their young.

racing pigeon chick

Baby Pigeon Stage 1: The Hatchling

Description of Hatchlings

Hatchlings, or baby pigeons, are small creatures, barely larger than the egg they emerged from. Their bodies are covered in a fine layer of down feathers, and they are entirely dependent on their parents for survival.

Newborn Pigeon’s Physical Traits

Newborn pigeons are blind, featherless, and helpless creatures, totally reliant on their parents for warmth and food. They are primarily pink due to their visible skin, with a few white downy feathers appearing as they grow older. Their beaks are prominent, curved, and sharp, intended to reach into the parent pigeon’s throat to feed on “crop milk.”

Baby Pigeon Stage 2: The Nestling

Changes in Appearance

As the hatchlings mature into nestlings, significant changes occur. The baby pigeons grow rapidly and begin to develop their primary feathers. Their skin also starts to darken, and they become more active within the nest.

Development of Features

The nestling phase is characterized by the development of key features such as feathers and flight muscles. Their bodies continue to grow and strengthen, preparing them for their next stage of life. At the same time, the baby pigeons’ eyes open, revealing a deep, dark gaze, adding a new layer to their senses.

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Baby Pigeon Stage 3: The Fledgling

Characteristics of Fledgling Pigeons

By the time pigeons reach their fledgling stage, they are nearly the size of adult birds. Their bodies are covered in feathers, and they have developed the ability to fly. The fledglings continue to be fed by their parents but also start to peck at food and explore their surroundings.

How Fledglings Compare to Adult Pigeons

In terms of appearance, fledglings closely resemble adult pigeons. However, fledglings often have less smooth and less rounded bodies. Their feathers also lack the glossy finish seen in adults. They also tend to be less adept at flying, often making clumsy attempts to navigate their surroundings.

Why You Rarely See Baby Pigeons

Pigeon Parenting Behavior

Pigeons are diligent and protective parents. They keep their offspring hidden in the nest until they are nearly fully grown, only leaving them alone for short periods to search for food. This protective behavior is one of the main reasons why we rarely see baby pigeons.

Nest Locations and Habits

As previously mentioned, pigeon nests are usually located high off the ground in secluded places. The combination of their nesting habits and careful parenting contributes to the mystery of the “missing” baby pigeons.

Pigeon Survival Strategy

Staying out of sight is a fundamental survival strategy for pigeons. It keeps the vulnerable young birds safe from predators and adverse weather conditions, increasing their chances of survival into adulthood.

How to Help a Baby Pigeon

When and How to Intervene

It’s important to note that baby pigeons should only be helped when absolutely necessary, such as when they are injured or in immediate danger. If you come across a baby pigeon, it is usually best to observe from a distance. If intervention is required, contacting a local wildlife rehabilitator or bird rescue organization is the best course of action.

Finding Professional Help

There are many organizations and individuals who specialize in the care of injured or orphaned birds. These professionals have the necessary training and resources to ensure that the baby pigeon receives the best care and has the highest chance of survival.

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Respectful Observation of Wildlife

While our curiosity may draw us to these fascinating creatures, it’s important to remember that they are a part of our shared ecosystem. Observing them respectfully and from a safe distance allows them to live their lives without unnecessary human intervention.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why don’t we see baby pigeons?

The main reason we rarely see baby pigeons is that their parents keep them hidden in nests until they are nearly fully grown. Furthermore, pigeon nests are often located in high, secluded places, away from human eyes and potential predators.

What do baby pigeons eat?

Baby pigeons feed on “crop milk,” a nutritious substance produced by both parent pigeons. As they grow, they slowly start to eat seeds and grains, just like adult pigeons.

How long does it take for a baby pigeon to become an adult?

A baby pigeon typically becomes an adult within six weeks of hatching. However, it might take a few more weeks for them to become completely independent.


The life cycle of pigeons offers a fascinating glimpse into the world of these urban birds. From their humble beginnings as small, featherless hatchlings, baby pigeons undergo a significant transformation. As they grow and develop, these creatures gain the ability to navigate the bustling cities they call home.

Knowing what baby pigeons look like and understanding their developmental stages can deepen our appreciation for these city dwellers. As we become more aware of their lifecycle, we not only enrich our own knowledge but also contribute to the broader understanding and respect for urban wildlife.

Pigeons, despite their commonplace presence, carry an air of mystery, particularly when it comes to their young. Unveiling this mystery allows us to see the intricate balance of nature at play, even in the heart of our concrete jungles. In doing so, we realize that we are not alone in our cities, but share them with a host of creatures that, like us, call these places home.

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